Improved the biosecurity and reduced the likelihood of disease
The Aung Zayar Hatchery, located in Quarter 7, Shwebo Township is a private business, which has been a member of the Myanmar Fisheries Federation for over 30 years. The hatchery breeds and sells rohu, common carp, pacu, silver barb, striped river catfish, and Clarias fish species fry and fingerlings to customers in Myitkyina, Mohnyin, Mogaung, Hpakan, Saitaung, Monywa, Kale, Kawlin and Mogoke townships.
Until recently, the hatchery bred fish species using traditional breeding methods requiring only low levels of technology, and fry production output has been constrained. Ko Thet Htoon Aung, General Manager of Aung Zayar Hatchery said, “The culture techniques we’ve traditionally used are very different from the practical training we’ve recently received.” With only 11 months of technical assistance and training support on breeding Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) from the EU and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) funded Myanmar Sustainable Aquaculture Programme (MYSAP).
With international consultant input from MYSAP, the hatchery has been totally redesigned and equipped to improve biosecurity and to reduce the likelihood of disease. Ko Thet Htoon Aung received training on improving biosecurity and breeding of GIFT and all-male mass fry production in May 2018. After testing to confirm disease-free status, the projects supplied quality GIFT broodstock in August 2018 and provided practical training on broodstock management, broodstock rearing and breeding techniques for all-male GIFT production at the hatchery in October 2018. Under the direction and technical advice of project technicians, Aung Zayar Hatchery is now producing GIFT larvae and all-male fry which are genetically improved and of superior quality.
To date the hatchery has sold a total of 265,000 all-male GIFT fingerlings, weighing 1.5 g each at a price of MMK 60 each. This year the GIFT seed production from the hatchery of GIFT fingerings will be increased, to meet market demand.
After received training given by the project, Ko Thet Htoon Aung decided to stock 6,500 GIFT fingerlings into a 0.7 acre (0.28 ha) pond at the hatchery. He stocked the GIFT in November 2018 and they grew so fast, that he was able to harvest and sell the GIFT less than 5 months later, in April 2019. At harvest, the fish weighed on average 24.7 Tical (395 g) each and were sold wholesale into the market for MMK 3,850 per viss (US$ 1.55 per kg). Farming GIFT tilapia following the technical recommendations of the project yield a good quality fish, which is extremely popular in the market and in strong demand. Hence, the hatchery is unable to produce enough market-sized GIFT tilapia to meet the sales demand. This coming year, the Aung Zayar Hatchery will expand their GIFT tilapia grow-out pond area to at least 30 acres.
Ko Thet Htoon calculated the costs, income and net profit from the first GIFT tilapia grow-out and the table below shows his net profit was MMK 3,429,200.
|Fish Species||Culture Time||Number of Fish Harvested||5860|
|GIFT Tilapia||5 Months||Weight||1350 viss|
|Total Expense (MMK)||1786300|
|Total Income (MMK)||5197500|
|Net Profit (MMK)||3429200|